Gene Expression Patterns of Red Sea Urchins (Mesocentrotus Franciscanus) Exposed to Different Combinations of Temperature and pCO2 During Early Development

Juliet M. Wong Florida International University College of Arts Sciences and Education Corresponding Author ORCiD: Gretchen E. Hofmann University of California Santa Barbara   Abstract Background: The red sea urchin Mesocentrotus franciscanus is an ecologically important kelp forest herbivore and an economically valuable wild fishery species. To examine of

The Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Ecosystems and Reliant Human Communities

Scott C. Doney,1 D. Shallin Busch,2 Sarah R. Cooley,3 and Kristy J. Kroeker4 1Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA; email: 2Ocean Acidification Program and Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington 98112, USA;

Bridging from monitoring to solutions-based thinking: lessons from CalCOFI for understanding and adapting to marine climate change impacts

Multidisciplinary, integrated ocean observing programs provide critical data for monitoring the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) samples along the US West Coast and is one of the world’s longest-running and most comprehensive time series, with hydrographic and biological data collected since 1949.