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Harmful algal blooms: A climate change co-stressor in marine and freshwater ecosystems – ScienceDirect

Abstract Future studies with HAB species should consider incorporating multiple climate change stressors. Marine and freshwater ecosystems are warming, acidifying, and deoxygenating as a consequence of climate change. In parallel, the impacts of harmful algal blooms (HABs) on these ecosystems are intensifying. Many eutrophic habitats that host recurring HABs already

The Keeling Curve Hits 415 PPM

Watch the new video released by Scripps Oceanography Scripps scientists measured a record level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere: 415 parts per million, on Sunday, May 12, 2019. This daily record, the Keeling Curve, is considered the foundation of modern climate change research. Geochemist Charles David Keeling joined Scripps