Climatological mean distribution of pH and carbonate ion concentration in global ocean surface waters in the unified pH scale and mean rate of their changes in selected areas

Posted on EPOCA: 18 Jan 2013 — Final report submitted to NSF — Using the mean monthly pCO2 data adjusted to a reference year 2005 and the alkalinity estimated using the potential alkalinity-salinity relationships, the mean monthly distributions of pH and aragonite saturation in surface ocean waters are obtained for

Bracing for Impact

Scientists study the effects of increasing ocean acidity on California’s marine ecosystems — by Mary Patyten, California Department of Fish & Game Research Writer  Nicole Sandoval followed the familiar dirt path past the hundred-year-old Point Cabrillo lighthouse towards the sea. Swinging her bucket full of scrub brushes, she looked like